Cat ownership and the Risk of Fatal Cardiovascular Diseases. Results from the Second National Health and Nutrition Examination Study Mortality Follow-up Study.

12 Jan 2009Adnan I Qureshi, MD, Muhammad Zeeshan Memon, MD, Gabriela Vazquez, PhD, MS, and M Fareed K Suri, MD

A decreased risk for death due to MI and all cardiovascular diseases (including stroke) was observed among persons with cats. Acquisition of cats as domestic pets may represent a novel strategy for reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases in high-risk individuals.

Cohort Study
4 effects
20 years
4435 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Pets Selfcare risk & protective factor
Pets
Selfcare

Stroke Brain outcome
Increased risk of Stroke
Brain system

Low evidence
50.0%

Pets Selfcare risk & protective factor
Pets
Selfcare

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Low evidence
11.0%

Pets Selfcare risk & protective factor
Pets
Selfcare

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Decreased risk of Heart Attack (Myocard...
Cardiovascular system

Moderate evidence
-37.0%

Pets Selfcare risk & protective factor
Pets
Selfcare

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

Moderate evidence
-13.0%