Recurrent and Injurious Falls in the Year Following Hip Fracture: A Prospective Study of Incidence and Risk Factors From the Sarcopenia and Hip Fracture

18 May 2009Bradley D. Lloyd, Dominique A. Williamson, Nalin A. Singh, Ross D. Hansen, Terrence H. Diamond, Terence P. Finnegan, Barry J. Allen, Jodie N. Grady, Theodora M. Stavrinos, Emma U.R. Smith, Ashish D. Diwan, Maria A. Fiatarone Singh

Recurrent and injurious falls are common after hip fracture and are associated with multiple risk factors, many of which are treatable. Interventions should therefore be tailored to alleviating or reversing any nutritional, physiological, and psychosocial risk factors of individual patients.

Cohort Study
9 effects
193 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Congestive Heart Failure Cardiovascular outcome
Congestive Heart Failure
Cardiovascular system

Fall Musculoskeletal outcome
Strong increased risk of Fall
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
1080.0%

Subjective well-being Brain outcome

Fall Musculoskeletal outcome
Decreased risk of Fall
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-57.0%

Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Fall Musculoskeletal outcome
Decreased risk of Fall
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-36.0%

Strength Musculoskeletal outcome
Strength
Musculoskeletal system

Fall Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Fall
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-4.0%

Arthritis - Osteoarthritis Musculoskeletal outcome
Arthritis - Osteoarth...
Musculoskeletal system

Fall Musculoskeletal outcome
Strong increased risk of Fall
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
386.0%

Depression Brain outcome
Depression
Brain system

Fall Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Fall
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
6.0%

Sedentary Lifestyle Selfcare risk & protective factor

Fall Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Fall
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
3.0%

Sedentary Lifestyle Selfcare risk & protective factor

Fall Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Fall
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
3.0%

Sarcopenia Musculoskeletal outcome
Sarcopenia
Musculoskeletal system

Fall Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Fall
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
7.0%