Prenatal risk factors for Caesarean section. Analyses of the ALSPAC cohort of 12 944 women in England

08 Nov 2004Roshni R Patel, Tim J Peters, Deirdre J Murphy and the ALSPAC Study Team

A careful exploration of risk factors may allow us to identify reasons for the increasing rates of Caesarean section and the marked variation between institution

Cohort Study
5 effects
12 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Young maternal age Selfcare risk & protective factor

Caesarean delivery Maternity outcome
Minor increase risk of Caesarean delivery
Maternity system

Moderate evidence
11.0%

Epidural Manufactured risk & protective factor
Epidural
Manufactured

Caesarean delivery Maternity outcome
Strong increased risk of Caesarean delivery
Maternity system

High evidence
549.0%

Diabetes Lymphatic outcome
Diabetes
Lymphatic system

Caesarean delivery Maternity outcome
Strong increased risk of Caesarean delivery
Maternity system

High evidence
350.0%

Preterm Delivery Maternity outcome
Preterm Delivery
Maternity system

Caesarean delivery Maternity outcome
Minor decreased risk of Caesarean delivery
Maternity system

Moderate evidence
-14.0%

Multiparity Selfcare risk & protective factor
Multiparity
Selfcare

Caesarean delivery Maternity outcome
Decreased risk of Caesarean delivery
Maternity system

Moderate evidence
-37.0%