Impact of smoking as a risk factor for developing rheumatoid arthritis: a meta-analysis of observational studies

26 Jan 2009D Sugiyama, K Nishimura, K Tamaki, G Tsuji, T Nakazawa, A Morinobu, S Kumagai

Smoking is a risk factor for rhumatoid arthritis, especially RF+ RA men and heavy smokers.

Meta Analysis
1 effect

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor
Smoking
Contaminant

Arthritis - Osteoarthritis Musculoskeletal outcome
Strong increased risk of Arthritis - Osteoarth...
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
131.0%