Effects of aerobic vs. resistance training on visceral and liver fat stores, liver enzymes, and insulin resistance by HOMA in overweight adults from STRRIDE AT/RT

26 Oct 2011Cris A. Slentz, Lori A. Bateman, Leslie H. Willis, A. Tamlyn Shields, Charles J. Tanner, Lucy W. Piner, Victoria H. Hawk, Michael J. Muehlbauer, Greg P. Samsa, Rendon C. Nelson, Kim M. Huffman, Connie W. Bales, Joseph A. Houmard, William E. Kraus

These data show that, for overweight and obese individuals who want to reduce measures of visceral fat and fatty liver infiltration and improve HOMA [homeostatic model assessment] and alanine aminotransferase, a moderate amount of aerobic exercise is the most time-efficient and effective exercise mode.

Cohort Study
10 effects
8 months
249 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Running Selfcare risk & protective factor
Running
Selfcare

Aerobic Exercise Capacity Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Aerobic Exercise Capa...
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
12.9%

Running Selfcare risk & protective factor
Running
Selfcare

Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Obesity
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-2.2%

Running Selfcare risk & protective factor
Running
Selfcare

Fat Oxidation Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Fat Oxidation
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
8.6%

Running Selfcare risk & protective factor
Running
Selfcare

Insulin Resistance Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of Insulin Resistance
Lymphatic system

Moderate evidence
-16.8%

Strength Training Selfcare risk & protective factor

Strength Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Strength
Musculoskeletal system

Low evidence
5.2%

Strength Training Selfcare risk & protective factor

Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Obesity
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-2.5%

Strength Training Selfcare risk & protective factor

Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Obesity
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-2.5%

Strength Training Selfcare risk & protective factor

Insulin Resistance Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of Insulin Resistance
Lymphatic system

Moderate evidence
-4.3%

Strength Training Selfcare risk & protective factor

Visceral fat Digestive outcome
Minor decreased risk of Visceral fat
Digestive system

Moderate evidence
-0.05%

Running Selfcare risk & protective factor
Running
Selfcare

Visceral fat Digestive outcome
Minor decreased risk of Visceral fat
Digestive system

Moderate evidence
-8.3%