Moderate Alcohol Intake and Cancer Incidence in Women

04 Mar 2009Naomi E. Allen Valerie Beral Delphine Casabonne Sau Wan Kan Gillian K. Reeves Anna Brown Jane Green on behalf of the Million Women Study Collaborators

Low to moderate alcohol consumption in women increases the risk of certain cancers. For every additional drink regularly consumed per day, the increase in incidence up to age 75 years per 1000 for women in developed countries is estimated to be about 11 for breast cancer, 1 for cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx, 1 for cancer of the rectum, and 0.7 each for cancers of the esophagus, larynx and liver, giving a total excess of about 15 cancers per 1000 women up to age 75.

Meta Analysis
7 effects
1 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Oesophagus cancer Digestive outcome
Minor increase risk of Oesophagus cancer
Digestive system

High evidence
22.0%

Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Breast Cancer Reproductive outcome
Increased risk of Breast Cancer
Reproductive system

High evidence
29.0%

Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Larynx cancer Respiratory outcome
Increased risk of Larynx cancer
Respiratory system

High evidence
44.0%

Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Colorectal Cancer Digestive outcome
Minor increase risk of Colorectal Cancer
Digestive system

High evidence
10.0%

Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Liver Cancer Digestive outcome
Minor increase risk of Liver Cancer
Digestive system

High evidence
24.0%

Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Breast Cancer Reproductive outcome
Minor increase risk of Breast Cancer
Reproductive system

High evidence
12.0%

Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Cancer Lymphatic outcome
Minor increase risk of Cancer
Lymphatic system

High evidence
6.0%