Adherence to Mediterranean diet and health status: meta-analysis

11 Sep 2008Francesco Sofi, researcher in clinical nutrition, Francesca Cesari, researcher, Rosanna Abbate, full professor of internal medicine, Gian Franco Gensini, full professor of internal medicine, Alessandro Casini, associate professor of clinical nutrition

Greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a significant improvement in health status, as seen by a significant reduction in overall mortality (9%), mortality from cardiovascular diseases (9%), incidence of or mortality from cancer (6%), and incidence of Parkinson’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease (13%). These results seem to be clinically relevant for public health, in particular for encouraging a Mediterranean-like dietary pattern for primary prevention of major chronic diseases.

Meta Analysis
5 effects
18 years
1 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

Moderate evidence
-9.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Alzheimer's disease Brain outcome
Minor decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease
Brain system

Moderate evidence
-13.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Parkinson's Disease Brain outcome
Minor decreased risk of Parkinson's Disease
Brain system

Moderate evidence
-13.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
-9.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Cancer Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of Cancer
Lymphatic system

Moderate evidence
-9.0%