Positive Psychological Well-Being and Mortality: A Quantitative Review of Prospective Observational Studies

15 Sep 2008Chida, Yoichi MD, PhD; Steptoe, Andrew DPhil

The current review suggests that positive psychological well-being has a favorable effect on survival in both healthy and diseased populations.

Systematic review
8 effects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Anxiety Brain outcome
Anxiety
Brain system

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Low evidence
18.0%

Depression Brain outcome
Depression
Brain system

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Low evidence
18.0%

Irritability And Anger Brain outcome

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Low evidence
18.0%

Subjective well-being Brain outcome

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
-18.0%

Humour Selfcare risk & protective factor
Humour
Selfcare

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-18.0%

Sadness Brain outcome
Sadness
Brain system

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Low evidence
18.0%

Sadness Brain outcome
Sadness
Brain system

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Low evidence
18.0%

Stress Brain outcome
Stress
Brain system

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Low evidence
18.0%