Laughter is the Best Medicine? A Cross-Sectional Study of Cardiovascular Disease Among Older Japanese Adults

03 Dec 2016Kei Hayashi, Ichiro Kawachi, Tetsuya Ohira, Katsunori Kondo, Kokoro Shirai, Naoki Kondo

Daily frequency of laughter is associated with lower prevalence of cardiovascular diseases. The association could not be explained by confounding factors, such as depressive symptoms.

Cross-section study
4 effects
20 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Humour Selfcare risk & protective factor
Humour
Selfcare

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

Moderate evidence
-21.0%

Humour Selfcare risk & protective factor
Humour
Selfcare

Congestive Heart Failure Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Congestive Heart Failure
Cardiovascular system

Moderate evidence
-21.0%

Humour Selfcare risk & protective factor
Humour
Selfcare

Coronary Heart Disease (Ischaemic Heart Disease) Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Coronary Heart Diseas...
Cardiovascular system

Moderate evidence
-21.0%

Humour Selfcare risk & protective factor
Humour
Selfcare

Stroke Brain outcome
Decreased risk of Stroke
Brain system

Moderate evidence
-60.0%