Emergency department visits for attempted suicide and self harm in the USA: 2006–2013

J. K. Canner, K. Giuliano , S. Selvarajah, E. R. Hammond and E. B. Schneider

using this large national database, we confirmed results from previous smaller studies, including a higher incidence of suicide attempts among women and individuals aged 15–19 years, a large seasonal peak in suicide attempts in the spring, a predominance of poisoning as the mechanism of injury for suicide attempts and a greater use of violent mechanisms in men,

Cross-section study
5 effects
9 years
3567084 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Mental Disorder Brain outcome
Mental Disorder
Brain system

Suicide Brain outcome
Increased risk of Suicide
Brain system

Low evidence
42.1%

Anxiety Brain outcome
Anxiety
Brain system

Suicide Brain outcome
Minor increase risk of Suicide
Brain system

Low evidence
6.4%

Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Suicide Brain outcome
Minor increase risk of Suicide
Brain system

Low evidence
8.9%

Depression Brain outcome
Depression
Brain system

Suicide Brain outcome
Increased risk of Suicide
Brain system

High evidence
42.1%

Drug abuse and addiction Contaminant risk & protective factor

Suicide Brain outcome
Minor increase risk of Suicide
Brain system

High evidence
12.1%