Exercise-induced biochemical changes and their potential influence on cancer: a scientific review

19 Dec 2016Robert James Thomas, Stacey A Kenfield, Alfonso Jimenez

Exercise is one of several lifestyle factors known to lower the risk of developing cancer and is associated with lower relapse rates and better survival

Systematic review
10 effects
12 years
41 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Intense Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Aging Musculoskeletal outcome
Decreased risk of Aging
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
-25.0%

Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Aging Musculoskeletal outcome
Decreased risk of Aging
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-25.0%

Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
-48.0%

Intense Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
-48.0%

Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Cancer Lymphatic outcome
Decreased risk of Cancer
Lymphatic system

Moderate evidence
-48.0%

Intense Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Cancer Lymphatic outcome
Decreased risk of Cancer
Lymphatic system

Moderate evidence
-48.0%

Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Insulin-like Human Growth Hormone (IGF-1) Endocrine outcome
Decreased risk of Insulin-like Human Gr...
Endocrine system

Low evidence
-25.0%

Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Inflammation Lymphatic outcome
Decreased risk of Inflammation
Lymphatic system

Low evidence
-28.0%

Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Subjective well-being Brain outcome
Increased risk of Subjective well-being
Brain system

Low evidence
50.0%

Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Depression Brain outcome
Decreased risk of Depression
Brain system

Low evidence
-50.0%