Yoga treatment for chronic non-specific low back pain

12 Jan 2017L. Susan Wieland, Nicole Skoetz, Karen Pilkington, Ramaprabhu Vempati, Christopher R D'Adamo, Brian M Berman

There is low- to moderate-certainty evidence that yoga compared to non-exercise controls results in small to moderate improvements in back-related function at three and six months. Yoga may also be slightly more effective for pain at three and six months, however the effect size did not meet predefined levels of minimum clinical importance. It is uncertain whether there is any difference between yoga and other exercise for back-related function or pain, or whether yoga added to exercise is more effective than exercise alone. Yoga is associated with more adverse events than non-exercise controls, but may have the same risk of adverse events as other back-focused exercise. Yoga is not associated with serious adverse events.

Meta Analysis
1 effect
6 months
1080 subjects

Reported Outcomes


Yoga Selfcare risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Yoga

Low back pain Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Low back pain
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence