Adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet and mortality in subjects with diabetes. Prospective results from the MOLI-SANI study.

23 Mar 2016Bonaccio M, Di Castelnuovo A, Costanzo S, Persichillo M, De Curtis A, Donati MB, de Gaetano G, Iacoviello L; MOLI-SANI study Investigators.

The traditional Mediterranean diet was associated with reduced risk of both total and cardiovascular mortality in diabetic subjects, independently of the severity of the disease. Major contributions were offered by moderate alcohol intake, high consumption of cereals, fruits and nuts and reduced intake of dairy and meat products.

Cohort Study
8 effects
4 years

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Vegetables Nutrition risk & protective factor
Vegetables
Nutrition

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-2.1%

Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-4.5%

Cow milk (A1 β-casein) Beverage risk & protective factor

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
4.9%

Cheese Nutrition risk & protective factor
Cheese
Nutrition

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
4.9%

Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-5.4%

Red Meat Nutrition risk & protective factor
Red Meat
Nutrition

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Low evidence
1.2%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-37.0%

Meat & Foods rich in Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) Nutrition risk & protective factor

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-5.4%