Music interventions for psychological and physical outcomes in cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

10 Dec 2012Jun-Mei ZhangPu WangJia-xin YaoLei ZhaoMellar P. DavisDeclan WalshGuang H. YueEmail author

Individual randomized trials suggest that music intervention is accepted by patients and associated with improved psychological outcomes. The effects of music on vital signs especially blood pressure are small.

Meta Analysis
6 effects
45 minutes
3181 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Music Selfcare risk & protective factor
Music
Selfcare

Depression Brain outcome
Minor decreased risk of Depression
Brain system

High evidence
-4.0%

Music Selfcare risk & protective factor
Music
Selfcare

Immune system Lymphatic outcome
Minor increase risk of Immune system
Lymphatic system

Low evidence
3.0%

Music Selfcare risk & protective factor
Music
Selfcare

Pain Sensory outcome
Minor decreased risk of Pain
Sensory system

High evidence
-9.1%

Music Selfcare risk & protective factor
Music
Selfcare

Heart Rate Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Heart Rate
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-5.0%

Music Selfcare risk & protective factor
Music
Selfcare

Fatigue Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Fatigue
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
-3.8%

Music Selfcare risk & protective factor
Music
Selfcare

Blood Pressure - Hypertension Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Blood Pressure - Hype...
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-6.0%