Higher nut intake is associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, total cancer and all-cause mortality, and mortality from respiratory disease, diabetes, and infections.

05 Dec 2016Dagfinn Aune, NaNa Keum, Edward Giovannucci, Lars T. Fadnes, Paolo Boffetta, Darren C. Greenwood, Serena Tonstad, Lars J. Vatten, Elio Riboli and Teresa Norat

Higher nut intake is associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, total cancer and all-cause mortality, and mortality from respiratory disease, diabetes, and infections.

Meta Analysis
30 effects
819448 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-21.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Gallbladder cancer Digestive outcome
Minor decreased risk of Gallbladder cancer
Digestive system

High evidence
-1.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Colorectal Cancer Digestive outcome
Minor decreased risk of Colorectal Cancer
Digestive system

High evidence
-1.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Type 2 Diabetes Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of Type 2 Diabetes
Lymphatic system

High evidence
-7.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Pancreatic cancer Digestive outcome
Minor decreased risk of Pancreatic cancer
Digestive system

High evidence
-1.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Stomach cancer (Gastric cancer) Digestive outcome
Minor decreased risk of Stomach cancer (Gastr...
Digestive system

High evidence
-1.0%

Walnuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Walnuts
Nutrition

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-21.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Thyroid cancer Endocrine outcome
Minor decreased risk of Thyroid cancer
Endocrine system

High evidence
-1.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Ovary cancer Reproductive outcome
Minor decreased risk of Ovary cancer
Reproductive system

High evidence
-1.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Chronic kidney disease  Urinary outcome
Decreased risk of Chronic kidney disease
Urinary system

High evidence
-63.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Parkinson's Disease Brain outcome
Decreased risk of Parkinson's Disease
Brain system

High evidence
-35.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Coronary Heart Disease (Ischaemic Heart Disease) Cardiovascular outcome
Decreased risk of Coronary Heart Diseas...
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-29.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Coronary Heart Disease (Ischaemic Heart Disease) Cardiovascular outcome
Decreased risk of Coronary Heart Diseas...
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-29.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

Low evidence
-22.0%

Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Peanuts
Nutrition

Stroke Brain outcome
Minor decreased risk of Stroke
Brain system

High evidence
-17.0%

Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Peanuts
Nutrition

Coronary Heart Disease (Ischaemic Heart Disease) Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Coronary Heart Diseas...
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-24.0%

Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Peanuts
Nutrition

Diabetes Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of Diabetes
Lymphatic system

High evidence
-16.0%

Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Peanuts
Nutrition

Alzheimer's disease Brain outcome
Minor decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease
Brain system

High evidence
-6.0%

Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Peanuts
Nutrition

Chronic kidney disease  Urinary outcome
Decreased risk of Chronic kidney disease
Urinary system

High evidence
-48.0%

Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Peanuts
Nutrition

Kidney Damage (Proteinuria) Urinary outcome
Decreased risk of Kidney Damage (Protei...
Urinary system

High evidence
-48.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Kidney Damage (Proteinuria) Urinary outcome
Decreased risk of Kidney Damage (Protei...
Urinary system

High evidence
-63.0%

Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Peanuts
Nutrition

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
-15.0%

Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Peanuts
Nutrition

Parkinson's Disease Brain outcome
Minor decreased risk of Parkinson's Disease
Brain system

High evidence
-8.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Stroke Brain outcome
Minor decreased risk of Stroke
Brain system

High evidence
-11.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Parkinson's Disease Brain outcome
Decreased risk of Parkinson's Disease
Brain system

High evidence
-25.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Type 1 Diabetes Lymphatic outcome
Decreased risk of Type 1 Diabetes
Lymphatic system

Low evidence
-59.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Respiratory outcome
Minor decreased risk of Chronic obstructive p...
Respiratory system

High evidence
-11.0%

Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Peanuts
Nutrition

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Respiratory outcome
Minor decreased risk of Chronic obstructive p...
Respiratory system

High evidence
-23.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Alzheimer's disease Brain outcome
Decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease
Brain system

High evidence
-25.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Liver Cancer Digestive outcome
Minor decreased risk of Liver Cancer
Digestive system

High evidence
-1.0%