Associations of specific types of sports and exercise with all-cause and cardiovascular-disease mortality: a cohort study of 80 306 British adults

28 Nov 2016Pekka Oja, Paul Kelly, Zeljko Pedisic, Sylvia Titze, Adrian Bauman, Charlie Foster, Mark Hamer, Melvyn Hillsdon, Emmanuel Stamatakis

Significant reductions in all-cause mortality were observed for participation in cycling (HR=0.85, 95% CI 0.76 to 0.95), swimming (HR=0.72, 95% CI 0.65 to 0.80), racquet sports (HR=0.53, 95% CI 0.40 to 0.69) and aerobics (HR=0.73, 95% CI 0.63 to 0.85). No significant associations were found for participation in football and running. A significant reduction in CVD mortality was observed for participation in swimming (HR=0.59, 95% CI 0.46 to 0.75), racquet sports (HR=0.44, 95% CI 0.24 to 0.83) and aerobics (HR=0.64, 95% CI 0.45 to 0.92), but there were no significant associations for cycling, running and football. Variable dose–response patterns between the exposure and the outcomes were found across the sport disciplines.

These findings demonstrate that participation in specific sports may have significant benefits for public health.

Cohort Study
4 effects
80306 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-37.0%

Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
-27.0%

Racquet sports (tennis, badminton etc.) Selfcare risk & protective factor

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-56.0%

Racquet sports (tennis, badminton etc.) Selfcare risk & protective factor

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
-47.0%