Consumption of nuts and legumes and risk of incident ischemic heart disease, stroke, and diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

04 Jun 2014Ashkan Afshin, Renata Micha, Shahab Khatibzadeh, and Dariush Mozaffarian

This systematic review supports inverse associations between eating nuts and incident IHD and diabetes and eating legumes and incident IHD.

Meta Analysis
5 effects
10 years
501791 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Legumes (beans, peas, lentils, lupins) Nutrition risk & protective factor

Coronary Heart Disease (Ischaemic Heart Disease) Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Coronary Heart Diseas...
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-14.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Type 2 Diabetes Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of Type 2 Diabetes
Lymphatic system

High evidence
-13.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Heart Attack (Myocard...
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-24.0%

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Coronary Heart Disease (Ischaemic Heart Disease) Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Coronary Heart Diseas...
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-22.0%

Legumes (beans, peas, lentils, lupins) Nutrition risk & protective factor

Type 2 Diabetes Lymphatic outcome
Minor increase risk of Type 2 Diabetes
Lymphatic system

High evidence
0.0%