Dietary Supplements and Mortality Rate in Older Women The Iowa Women's Health Study

10 Oct 2011Jaakko Mursu, PhD; Kim Robien, PhD; Lisa J. Harnack, DrPH, MPH; et al

In older women, several commonly used dietary vitamin and mineral supplements may be associated with increased total mortality risk; this association is strongest with supplemental iron. In contrast to the findings of many studies, calcium is associated with decreased risk.

Cohort Study
1 effect
38 subjects

Reported Outcomes


Dietary supplements and vitamins Manufactured risk & protective factor
Minor Risk Factor Dietary supplements an...

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor increase risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence