Effects on Health Outcomes of a Mediterranean Diet With No Restriction on Fat Intake

04 Oct 2016Hanna E. Bloomfield, MD, MPH; Eva Koeller, BA; Nancy Greer, PhD; Roderick MacDonald, MS; Robert Kane, MD; and Timothy J. Wilt, MD, MPH

Limited evidence suggests that a Mediterranean diet with no restriction on fat intake may reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events, breast cancer, and type 2 diabetes melli- tus but may not affect all-cause mortality.

Meta Analysis
8 effects
10 years
465106 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Type 2 Diabetes Lymphatic outcome
Decreased risk of Type 2 Diabetes
Lymphatic system

High evidence
-30.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Colorectal Cancer Digestive outcome
Minor decreased risk of Colorectal Cancer
Digestive system

High evidence
-9.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Lung cancer Respiratory outcome
Decreased risk of Lung cancer
Respiratory system

High evidence
-80.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Breast Cancer Reproductive outcome
Minor decreased risk of Breast Cancer
Reproductive system

High evidence
-4.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Stroke Brain outcome
Decreased risk of Stroke
Brain system

High evidence
-29.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Cognitive deficit Brain outcome
Decreased risk of Cognitive deficit
Brain system

High evidence
-46.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Dementia Brain outcome
Decreased risk of Dementia
Brain system

High evidence
-64.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-29.0%