Bitter melon (Momordica charantia): a review of efficacy and safety.

15 Feb 2003Basch E1, Gabardi S, Ulbricht C.

Four clinical trials found bitter melon juice, fruit, and dried powder to have a moderate hypoglycemic effect. Reported adverse effects of bitter melon include hypoglycemic coma and convulsions in children, reduced fertility in mice, a favism-like syndrome, increases in gamma-glutamyltransferase and alkaline phosphatase levels in animals, and headaches.

Systematic review
3 effects

Reported Outcomes

DeterminantsOutcomeDetails

Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia) Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Bitter Melon (Momordic...
Nutrition

Insulin Resistance Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of Insulin Resistance
Lymphatic system

Moderate evidence
-2.0%

Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia) Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Bitter Melon (Momordic...
Nutrition

Blood Sugar - Hyperglycemia Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of Blood Sugar - Hypergl...
Lymphatic system

Moderate evidence
-3.0%

Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia) Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Risk Factor Bitter Melon (Momordic...
Nutrition

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Minor decreased risk of Fertility
Reproductive system

Low evidence
-1.0%