United States Adolescents' Television, Computer, Videogame, Smartphone, and Tablet Use: Associations with Sugary Drinks, Sleep, Physical Activity, and Obesity

14 Dec 2016Erica L. Kenney, ScD, MPH, Steven L. Gortmaker, PhD

Using smartphones, tablets, computers, and videogames is associated with several obesity risk factors. Although further study is needed, families should be encouraged to limit both TV viewing and newer screen devices.

Cohort Study
3 effects
3 years
29207 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Excess use of digital technology  Selfcare risk & protective factor

Poor sleep Musculoskeletal outcome
Increased risk of Poor sleep
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
79.0%

Sedentary Lifestyle Selfcare risk & protective factor

Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Increased risk of Obesity
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
78.0%

Excess use of digital technology  Selfcare risk & protective factor

Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Increased risk of Obesity
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
88.0%