Smoking and Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Meta-analysis

12 Jun 2006Suhal S. Mahid, MRCS, PhD, Kyle S. Minor, BA, Roberto E. Soto, Carlton A. Hornung, PhD, MPH, Susan Galandiuk, MD

smoking is an important environmental factor in Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome

Meta Analysis
1 effect

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor
Smoking
Contaminant

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) Digestive outcome
Increased risk of Inflammatory bowel di...
Digestive system

High evidence
76.0%