Intake of whole grains, refined grains, and cereal fiber measured with 7-d diet records and associations with risk factors for chronic disease

01 Aug 2006PK Newby, Janice Maras, Peter Bakun, Denis Muller, Luigi Ferrucci, and Katherine L Tucker

Similar associations of whole grains and cereal fiber with weight, BMI, waist circumference, plasma cholesterol, and 2-h glucose were observed, suggesting that cereal fiber and its constituents may in part mediate these relations. Refined grains were associated with fasting insulin among women but not men.

Cross-section study
4 effects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Blood Sugar - Hyperglycemia Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of Blood Sugar - Hypergl...
Lymphatic system

Low evidence
-1.0%

Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Obesity
Musculoskeletal system

Moderate evidence
-3.5%

Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

LDL Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of LDL
Lymphatic system

Moderate evidence
-4.0%

Refined grains Nutrition risk & protective factor

Insulin Resistance Lymphatic outcome
Minor increase risk of Insulin Resistance
Lymphatic system

Low evidence
1.0%