Disinfection Byproducts and Bladder Cancer: A Pooled Analysis

10 May 2004Villanueva, Cristina M.; Cantor, Kenneth P.; Cordier, Sylvaine; Jaakkola, Jouni J. K.∥; King, Will D.; Lynch, Charles F.; Porru, Stefano; Kogevinas, Manolis

hese findings strengthen the hypothesis that the risk of bladder cancer is increased with long-term exposure to disinfection byproducts at levels currently observed in many industrialized countries.

Meta Analysis
1 effect
40 years
8060 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Chlorination disinfection byproducts (DBPs) - Water contaminant Contaminant risk & protective factor

Bladder cancer Urinary outcome
Minor increase risk of Bladder cancer
Urinary system

High evidence
24.0%