Meta-Analysis Comparing Mediterranean to Low-Fat Diets for Modification of Cardiovascular Risk Factors

01 Sep 2011Alain J. Nordmann, MD, MSc, Katja Suter-Zimmermann, PhD, Heiner C. Bucher, MD, MPH, Iris Shai, RD, PhD, Katherine R. Tuttle, MD, Ramon Estruch, MD, PhD, Matthias Briel, MD, MSc

Mediterranean diets appear to be more effective than low-fat diets in inducing clinically relevant long-term changes in cardiovascular risk factors and inflammatory markers.

Meta Analysis
4 effects
2 years
2650 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Obesity
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
-1.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Blood Pressure - Hypertension Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Blood Pressure - Hype...
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-1.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Blood Sugar - Hyperglycemia Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of Blood Sugar - Hypergl...
Lymphatic system

High evidence
-1.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Oxidative stress Lymphatic outcome
Minor decreased risk of Oxidative stress
Lymphatic system

High evidence
-1.0%