Dietary patterns and the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in a global study of high-risk patients with stable coronary heart disease

Ralph A. H. Stewart, Lars Wallentin, Jocelyne Benatar, Nicolas Danchin, Emil Hagström, Claes Held, Steen Husted, Eva Lonn, Amanda Stebbins, Karen Chiswell, Ola Vedin, David Watson, Harvey D. White

Greater consumption of healthy foods may be more important for secondary prevention of coronary artery disease than avoidance of less healthy foods typical of Western diets.

Cohort Study
4 effects
3.7 years
15482 subjects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-6.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Heart Attack (Myocard...
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-5.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Stroke Brain outcome
Minor decreased risk of Stroke
Brain system

High evidence
-11.0%

Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Minor decreased risk of Mortality
Musculoskeletal system

High evidence
-7.0%