Cow's Milk Exposure and Type I Diabetes Mellitus: A critical overview of the clinical literature

Hertzel C Gerstein, MD, MSC, FRCPC

Early cow's milk exposure before 3 months may be an important determinant of subsequent type I diabetes and may increase the risk ∼1.5 times.

Meta Analysis
1 effect

Reported Outcomes


Cow milk (A1 β-casein) Beverage risk & protective factor
Risk Factor Cow milk (A1 β-casein)

Type 1 Diabetes Lymphatic outcome
Increased risk of Type 1 Diabetes
Lymphatic system

High evidence