Cardiovascular disease Risk factors

A body of evidence consisting of 1+ studies demonstrate overall consistency of traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors: smoking status, diabetes, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol

Meta Analysis
5 effects

Reported Outcomes

CausesOutcomeCertainty

Passive Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor
Passive Smoking
Contaminant

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Increased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
30.0%

Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor
Smoking
Contaminant

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Strong increased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
10000.0%

Aspirin Manufactured risk & protective factor
Aspirin
Manufactured

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

Moderate evidence
-1.0%

Fruits Nutrition risk & protective factor
Fruits
Nutrition

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-11.0%

Vegetables Nutrition risk & protective factor
Vegetables
Nutrition

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Minor decreased risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Cardiovascular system

High evidence
-11.0%