Maternity outcome

Caesarean delivery

Caesarean section, also known as C-section, is the use of surgery to deliver one or more babies. A Caesarean section is often performed when a vaginal delivery would put the baby or mother at risk. This may include obstructed labour, twin pregnancy, high blood pressure in the mother, breech birth, problems with the placenta, umbilical cord or shape of the pelvis, and previous C-section. A trial of vaginal birth in some of these situations, including after C-section, may be possible. Some C-sections are also performed upon request. The World Health Organization recommends that they should be done based on medical need and in many cases they are lifesaving for the mother and baby.

A C-section typically takes 45 minutes to an hour. It may be done with a spinal block such that the woman is awake or under general anesthesia. A urinary catheter is used to drain the bladder and the skin of the abdomen is then cleaned with an antiseptic. An incision of about 15 cm (6 inches) is then typically made through the mother's lower abdomen. The uterus is then opened with a second incision and the baby delivered. The incisions are then stitched closed. A woman can typically begin breastfeeding as soon as she is awake and out of the operating room. Often a number of days are required in hospital to recover sufficiently to return home.

3 causes

There are 2 factors preventing Caesarean delivery, including:

Protective FactorsStudies

Multiparity Selfcare risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Multiparity

1 study

Preterm Delivery Maternity outcome
Minor Protective Factor Preterm Delivery
Maternity system

1 study

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There are 3 factors increasing Caesarean delivery, including:

Risk FactorsStudies

Epidural Manufactured risk & protective factor
Strong Risk Factor Epidural

1 study

Diabetes Lymphatic outcome
Strong Risk Factor Diabetes
Lymphatic system

1 study

Young maternal age Selfcare risk & protective factor
Minor Risk Factor Young maternal age

1 study

Possible outcomes of Caesarean delivery


Post-partum depression Maternity outcome
Minor Risk Factor Post-partum depression
Maternity system

1 study

Autism Maternity outcome
Minor Risk Factor Autism
Maternity system

1 study

Related to Caesarean delivery

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