Nervous outcome

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease and motor neurone disease (MND), is a specific disease that causes the death of neurons which control voluntary muscles. Some also use the term "motor neuron disease" for a group of conditions of which ALS is the most common. ALS is characterized by stiff muscles, muscle twitching, and gradually worsening weakness due to muscles decreasing in size. This results in difficulty in speaking, swallowing, and eventually breathing.

The cause is not known in 90% to 95% of cases. About 5–10% of cases are inherited from a person's parents. About half of these genetic cases are due to one of two specific genes. The diagnosis is based on a person's signs and symptoms with testing done to rule out other potential causes.

No cure for ALS is known. A medication called riluzole may extend life by about two to three months Non-invasive ventilation may result in both improved quality and length of life. The disease usually starts around the age of 60 and in inherited cases around the age of 50. The average survival from onset to death is two to four years. About 10% survive longer than 10 years. Most die from respiratory failure. In much of the world, rates of ALS are unknown. In Europe and the United States the disease affects about two people per 100,000 per year.

Nervous
21 causes

There are 8 factors preventing Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), including:

Protective FactorsStudies

Fruits Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Fruits
Nutrition

1 study

Vegetables Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Vegetables
Nutrition

1 study

Legumes (beans, peas, lentils, lupins) Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Legumes (beans, peas, ...
Nutrition

1 study

Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Nuts & Peanuts
Nutrition

1 study

Avocado Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Avocado
Nutrition

1 study

Spinach Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Spinach
Nutrition

1 study

Purple Sweet Potato Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Purple Sweet Potato
Nutrition

1 study

Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Whole grains
Nutrition

1 study

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There are 13 factors increasing Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), including:

Risk FactorsStudies

Bisphenol A (BPA) Contaminant risk & protective factor
Strong Risk Factor Bisphenol A (BPA)
Contaminant

2 studies

Processed Meat Nutrition risk & protective factor
Risk Factor Processed Meat
Nutrition

1 study

Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor
Risk Factor Smoking
Contaminant

1 study

Pesticides Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Risk Factor Pesticides Exposure
Contaminant

1 study

Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB)  Contaminant risk & protective factor
Risk Factor Polychlorinated Biphen...
Contaminant

1 study

Lead Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Risk Factor Lead Exposure
Contaminant

1 study

Tomato Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Risk Factor Tomato
Nutrition

1 study

Cheese Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Risk Factor Cheese
Nutrition

1 study

Soy Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Risk Factor Soy
Nutrition

1 study

Walnuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Risk Factor Walnuts
Nutrition

1 study

Saturated Fat Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Risk Factor Saturated Fat
Nutrition

1 study

Intense Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor
Minor Risk Factor Intense Exercise
Selfcare

1 study

Concussion (Traumatic Brain Injury) Brain outcome
Minor Risk Factor Concussion (Traumatic...
Brain system

1 study

Add Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)