Digestive outcome


Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass. Constipation is a common cause of painful defecation. Severe constipation includes obstipation (failure to pass stools or gas) and fecal impaction, which can progress to bowel obstruction and become life-threatening.

Constipation is a symptom with many causes. These causes are of two types: obstructed defecation and colonic slow transit (or hypomobility). About 50 percent of people evaluated for constipation at tertiary referral hospitals have obstructed defecation. This type of constipation has mechanical and functional causes. Causes of colonic slow transit constipation include diet, hormonal disorders such as hypothyroidism, side effects of medications, and rarely heavy metal toxicity. Because constipation is a symptom, not a disease, effective treatment of constipation may require first determining the cause. Treatments include changes in dietary habits, laxatives, enemas, biofeedback, and in particular situations surgery may be required.

1 cause

There are 1 factors preventing Constipation, including:

Protective FactorsStudies

Prunes Nutrition risk & protective factor
Minor Protective Factor Prunes

1 study

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Possible outcomes of Constipation


Chronic kidney disease  Urinary outcome
Minor Risk Factor Chronic kidney disease
Urinary system

1 study

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Urinary outcome
Minor Risk Factor Acute Kidney Injury (...
Urinary system

1 study

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