Plyometrics, also known as "jump training" or "plyos", are exercises in which muscles exert maximum force in short intervals of time, with the goal of increasing power (speed-strength). Plyometrics are primarily used by athletes, especially martial artists, sprinters and high jumpers, to improve performance, and are used in the fitness field to a much lesser degree
Examples include :
- Squat jump (jumping squat, jump squat): combination of jump (not to be confused with tuck jump) and squat. Squat down then jump off the ground as high as possible, with extended and vertical legs
- Box jumps: jump onto and off of a large box 18" or higher.
- Vertical depth jump: starting from the top of a box, jump down and back up as fast as possible
- Plyometric push-up (plyo push-up): perform a push up, but exert enough upward force to lift the hands and body off the ground