Mediterranean diet and reduction in the risk of a first acute myocardial infarction: An operation...

16 Sep 2002Miguel A. Martínez-GonzálezElena Fernández-JarneManuel Serrano-MartínezAmelia MartiJ. Alfredo MartinezJosé M. Martín-Moreno

Our data support the hypothesis that a Mediterranean diet (that emphasizes olive oil, fiber, fruits, vegetables, fish and alcohol and reduces meat/meat products) can be an effective measure for reducing the risk of myocardial infarction.

Cross-section study
12 effects
342 subjects

Reported Outcomes

VariablesOutcomeEffectLatency

Olive oil Nutrition risk & protective factor
Olive oil
Nutrition

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

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Fruits Nutrition risk & protective factor
Fruits
Nutrition

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

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Vegetables Nutrition risk & protective factor
Vegetables
Nutrition

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

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Fish & SeaFood rich in Omega-3 Nutrition risk & protective factor

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

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Red Wine Beverage risk & protective factor
Red Wine
Beverage

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

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Red Meat Nutrition risk & protective factor
Red Meat
Nutrition

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

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Meat & Foods rich in Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) Nutrition risk & protective factor

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

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Processed Meat Nutrition risk & protective factor

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

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Refined grains Nutrition risk & protective factor

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

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Mediterranean diet Nutrition risk & protective factor

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

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