Lifestyle factors and reproductive health: taking control of your fertility

16 Jul 2013Rakesh Sharma, Kelly R Biedenharn,Jennifer M Fedor,and Ashok Agarwal

Many lifestyle factors such as the age at which to start a family, nutrition, weight, exercise, psychological stress, environmental and occupational exposures, and others can have substantial effects on fertility; lifestyle factors such as cigarette smoking, illicit drug use, and alcohol and caffeine consumption can negatively influence fertility while others such as preventative care may be beneficial.

Systematic review
30 effects

Reported Outcomes

VariablesOutcomeEffectLatency

Stress Brain outcome
Stress
Brain

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Obesity
Musculoskeletal

Pregnancy & Birth Maternity outcome

Strong Decrease

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Intense Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Intense Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Notable Increase

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Marijuana Herb risk & protective factor

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Pregnancy & Birth Maternity outcome

Strong Decrease

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Aging Musculoskeletal outcome
Aging
Musculoskeletal

Pregnancy & Birth Maternity outcome

Strong Decrease

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Irritability And Anger Brain outcome

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Fruits Nutrition risk & protective factor
Fruits
Nutrition

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Increase

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Meat & Foods rich in Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) Nutrition risk & protective factor

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Notable Increase

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PM25 Outdoor Air Pollution Contaminant risk & protective factor
PM25 Outdoor ...
Contaminant

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Irritability And Anger Brain outcome

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Vegetables Nutrition risk & protective factor
Vegetables
Nutrition

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Increase

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Unsaturated fat Nutrition risk & protective factor

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Increase

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Moderate Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Pregnancy & Birth Maternity outcome

Strong Decrease

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Pesticides Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Pesticides Ex...
Contaminant

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Obesity
Musculoskeletal

Pregnancy & Birth Maternity outcome

Strong Decrease

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Processed Foods Nutrition risk & protective factor

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Dietary supplements and vitamins Manufactured risk & protective factor
Dietary suppl...
Manufactured

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Depression Brain outcome

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Coffee (Caffeine) Beverage risk & protective factor

Still Birth Maternity outcome
Still Birth
Maternity

Strong Increase

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Coffee (Caffeine) Beverage risk & protective factor

Pregnancy & Birth Maternity outcome

Strong Decrease

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PM10 Outdoor Air Pollution Contaminant risk & protective factor
PM10 Outdoor ...
Contaminant

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Excess use of digital technology  Selfcare risk & protective factor

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Solvents Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Solvents Expo...
Contaminant

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Notable Decrease

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Lead Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Lead Exposure
Contaminant

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Sauna Selfcare risk & protective factor
Sauna
Selfcare

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Increase

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Drug abuse and addiction Contaminant risk & protective factor
Drug abuse an...
Contaminant

Fertility Reproductive outcome
Fertility
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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