Whole grain consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and all cause and cause speci...

27 Jun 2016Dag nn Aune, NaNa Keum, Edward Giovannucci, Lars T Fadnes, Paolo Bo etta, Darren C Greenwood, Serena Tonstad, Lars J Vatten, Elio Riboli, Teresa Norat

Analysis provides further evidence that whole grain intake is associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease, and total cancer, and mortality from all causes, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases, diabetes, and all non-cardiovascular, non-cancer causes

Meta Analysis
7 effects
10 years
705253 subjects

Reported Outcomes

VariablesOutcomeEffectLatency

Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Cardiovascular ...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Coronary Heart Disease (Ischaemic Heart Disease) Cardiovascular outcome
Coronary Heart ...
Cardiovascular

Strong Decrease

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Mortality
Musculoskeletal

Strong Decrease

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Refined grains Nutrition risk & protective factor

Coronary Heart Disease (Ischaemic Heart Disease) Cardiovascular outcome
Coronary Heart ...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

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Refined grains Nutrition risk & protective factor

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Cardiovascular ...
Cardiovascular

Notable Increase

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Refined grains Nutrition risk & protective factor

Stroke Brain outcome
Stroke
Brain

Notable Decrease

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Stroke Brain outcome
Stroke
Brain

Strong Decrease

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