Smoking and Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Meta-analysis

12 Jun 2006Suhal S. Mahid, MRCS, PhD, Kyle S. Minor, BA, Roberto E. Soto, Carlton A. Hornung, PhD, MPH, Susan Galandiuk, MD

smoking is an important environmental factor in Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome

Meta Analysis
1 effect

Reported Outcomes


Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

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