Whole‐grain intake and cancer: An expanded review and meta‐analysis

04 Aug 2009David R. Jacobs Jr. , Leonard Marquart , Joanne Slavin & Lawrence H. Kushi

The case‐control evidence is supportive of the hypothesis that whole‐grain intake protects against various cancers.

Systematic review
5 effects

Reported Outcomes

VariablesOutcomeEffectLatency

Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Breast Cancer Reproductive outcome
Breast Cancer
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Thyroid cancer Endocrine outcome

Strong Decrease

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Pancreatic cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Decrease

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Prostate Cancer Reproductive outcome
Prostate Cancer
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Colorectal Cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Decrease

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