Refined and whole grain cereals and the risk of oral, oesophageal and laryngeal cancer.

12 Jun 2000Levi F, Pasche C, Lucchini F, Chatenoud L, Jacobs DR Jr, La Vecchia C.

Present data indicate and further quantify that refined cereals are an unfavourable, but whole grain ones a favourable indicator of the risk of upper aerodigestive and respiratory tract neoplasms.

Case-control study
8 effects
156 subjects

Reported Outcomes

VariablesOutcomeEffectLatency

Refined grains Nutrition risk & protective factor

Stomach cancer (Gastric cancer) Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

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Refined grains Nutrition risk & protective factor

Oral cavity and pharynx cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

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Refined grains Nutrition risk & protective factor

Thyroid cancer Endocrine outcome

Strong Increase

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Refined grains Nutrition risk & protective factor

Oesophagus cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

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Refined grains Nutrition risk & protective factor

Colorectal Cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Oral cavity and pharynx cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Decrease

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Oesophagus cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Decrease

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Larynx cancer Respiratory outcome
Larynx cancer
Respiratory

Strong Decrease

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