The long-term effects of exposure to low doses of lead in childhood: an 11-year follow-up report

11 Jun 1990HL Needleman, A Schell, D Bellinger

Exposure to lead in childhood is associated with deficits in central nervous system that persist in young adulthood

Cohort Study
5 effects
270 subjects

Reported Outcomes

VariablesOutcomeEffectLatency

Lead Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Lead Exposure
Contaminant

Intelligence Brain outcome

Minor Decrease

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Lead Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Lead Exposure
Contaminant

Memory Brain outcome
Memory
Brain

Minor Decrease

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Lead Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Lead Exposure
Contaminant

Reaction time Nervous outcome

Notable Decrease

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Lead Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Lead Exposure
Contaminant

Cognitive deficit Brain outcome

Strong Increase

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Lead Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Lead Exposure
Contaminant

Violent crime Brain outcome

Notable Increase

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