A systematic review of evidence for the added benefits to health of exposure to natural environments

04 Aug 2010Diana E Bowler, Lisette M Buyung-Ali, Teri M Knight and Andrew S Pullin

Findings provided some evidence of a positive benefit of a walk or run in a natural environment in comparison to a synthetic environment. There was also some support for greater attention after exposure to a natural environment but not after adjusting effect sizes for pretest differences.

Meta Analysis
6 effects

Reported Outcomes

VariablesOutcomeEffectLatency

Natural environments Exposure Selfcare risk & protective factor

Depression Brain outcome

Strong Decrease

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Natural environments Exposure Selfcare risk & protective factor

Sadness Brain outcome
Sadness
Brain

Strong Decrease

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Natural environments Exposure Selfcare risk & protective factor

Fatigue Musculoskeletal outcome
Fatigue
Musculoskeletal

Strong Decrease

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Natural environments Exposure Selfcare risk & protective factor

Blood Pressure - Hypertension Cardiovascular outcome
Blood Pressure ...
Cardiovascular

Notable Decrease

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Natural environments Exposure Selfcare risk & protective factor

Stress Brain outcome
Stress
Brain

Strong Decrease

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Natural environments Exposure Selfcare risk & protective factor

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Maternity outcome

Strong Decrease

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