A meta-analysis of alcohol drinking and cancer risk

12 Nov 2001V Bagnardi, M Blangiardo, C La Vecchia and G Corrao

Strong trends in risk were observed for cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx, oesophagus and larynx. Less strong direct relations were observed for cancers of the stomach, colon and rectum, liver, breast and ovary. For all these diseases, significant increased risks were found also for ethanol intake of 25 g per day. No significant nor consistent relation was observed for cancers of the pancreas, lung, prostate or bladder.

Meta Analysis
15 effects
34 years
117000 subjects

Reported Outcomes

VariablesOutcomeEffectLatency

Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Ovary cancer Reproductive outcome
Ovary cancer
Reproductive

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Lung cancer Respiratory outcome
Lung cancer
Respiratory

Notable Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Stomach cancer (Gastric cancer) Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Gallbladder cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Liver Cancer Digestive outcome
Liver Cancer
Digestive

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Colorectal Cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Oesophagus cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Oral cavity and pharynx cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Pancreatic cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Larynx cancer Respiratory outcome
Larynx cancer
Respiratory

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Breast Cancer Reproductive outcome
Breast Cancer
Reproductive

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Uterine Cancer Reproductive outcome
Uterine Cancer
Reproductive

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Prostate Cancer Reproductive outcome
Prostate Cancer
Reproductive

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Bladder cancer Urinary outcome

Strong Increase

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Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Cancer Lymphatic outcome
Cancer
Lymphatic

Strong Increase

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