Respiratory outcome

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term poor airflow. The main symptoms include shortness of breath and cough with sputum production. COPD typically worsens over time. Eventually walking up stairs or carrying things will be difficult. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for different types of COPD.[2][3] The term "chronic bronchitis" is still used to define a productive cough that is present for at least three months each year for two years

Respiratory
8 causes

Causes of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) : Reducing Your Risk

FactorsEffectEvidenceStudies

Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor
Smoking
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Strong Decrease

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Fresh Chili Peppers (Capsaicin) Herb risk & protective factor

Strong Decrease

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Solid Fuel Smoke Contaminant risk & protective factor
Solid Fuel Smoke
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Biomass smoke Contaminant risk & protective factor
Biomass smoke
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Coal Smoke Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Coal Smoke Ex...
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Peanuts
Nutrition

Strong Decrease

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Type 2 Diabetes Lymphatic outcome

Strong Increase

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Coffee (Caffeine) Beverage risk & protective factor

Strong Decrease

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