Maternity outcome

Low birth weight

Low birthweight is a term used to describe babies who are born weighing less than 2,500 grams (5 pounds, 8 ounces). In contrast, the average newborn weighs about 8 pounds. Over 8 percent of all newborn babies in the United States have low birthweight.

Maternity
6 causes

How To Improve Low birth weight: Techniques & Factors

FactorsEffectEvidenceStudies

Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor
Smoking
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Foods rich in Alpha-Lipoic Acid (ALA) Nutrition risk & protective factor

Minor Increase

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PM10 Outdoor Air Pollution Contaminant risk & protective factor
PM10 Outdoor ...
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB)  Contaminant risk & protective factor
Polychlorinat...
Contaminant

Minor Increase

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Indoor Air Pollution Contaminant risk & protective factor
Indoor Air Po...
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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PM25 Outdoor Air Pollution Contaminant risk & protective factor
PM25 Outdoor ...
Contaminant

Minor Increase

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Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) Urinary outcome

Strong Increase

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Low birth weight outcomes

OutcomesEffectEvidenceReferences

Cognitive deficit Brain outcome

Strong Increase

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Breast Cancer Reproductive outcome
Breast Cancer
Reproductive

Strong Decrease

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Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Obesity
Musculoskeletal

Strong Decrease

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Neonatal hemorrhagic stroke Brain outcome

Strong Increase

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Autism Maternity outcome
Autism
Maternity

Strong Increase

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Schizophrenia Brain outcome

Strong Increase

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Add Low birth weight