Maternity outcome

Congenital Anomaly

A congenital disorder, also known as a congenital disease, deformity, birth defect, or anomaly, is a condition existing at or before birth regardless of cause. Of these disorders, those characterized by structural deformities are termed "congenital anomalies" and involve defects in a developing fetus.

Maternity
8 causes

Causes of Congenital Anomaly : Reducing Your Risk

FactorsEffectEvidenceStudies

Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor
Smoking
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Passive Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor
Passive Smoking
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Chlorination disinfection byproducts (DBPs) - Water contaminant Contaminant risk & protective factor
Chlorination ...
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Agent orange Contaminant risk & protective factor
Agent orange
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Pesticides Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Pesticides Ex...
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Solvents Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Solvents Expo...
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Antidepressants Manufactured risk & protective factor
Antidepressants
Manufactured

Strong Increase

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Folic Acid, Folate & Vitamin B9 Supplements Manufactured risk & protective factor
Folic Acid, F...
Manufactured

Strong Decrease

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Congenital Anomaly outcomes

OutcomesEffectEvidenceReferences

Autism Maternity outcome
Autism
Maternity

Strong Increase

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Add Congenital Anomaly