Musculoskeletal outcome

Strength

Physical strength is the measure of the exertion of force on physical objects. Increasing physical strength is the goal of strength training.

An individual's physical strength is determined by two factors; the cross-sectional area of muscle fibers recruited to generate force and the intensity of the recruitment.

Individuals with a high proportion of type I slow twitch muscle fibers will be relatively weaker than a similar individual with a high proportion of type II fast twitch fibers, but would have a greater inherent capacity for physical endurance. The genetic inheritance of muscle fiber type sets the outermost boundaries of physical strength possible (barring the use of enhancing agents such as testosterone), though the unique position within this envelope is determined by training. Individual muscle fiber ratios can be determined through a muscle biopsy.

Other considerations are the ability to recruit muscle fibers for a particular activity, joint angles, and the length of each limb. For a given cross-section, shorter limbs are able to lift more weight.

The ability to gain muscle also varies person to person, based mainly upon genes dictating the amounts of hormones secreted, but also on sex, age, health of the person, and adequate nutrients in the diet. A one-repetition maximum test is the most accurate way to determine maximum muscular strength.

Musculoskeletal
19 causes

Related to Strength

How To Improve Strength: Techniques & Factors

FactorsEffectEvidenceStudies

Sodium Bicarbonate Manufactured risk & protective factor
Sodium Bicarb...
Manufactured

Notable Increase

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Rhodiola Rosea Herb risk & protective factor

Minor Increase

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Ashwagandha Herb risk & protective factor

Notable Increase

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Panax Ginseng Herb risk & protective factor

Strong Increase

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Continuous Sunlight exposure Selfcare risk & protective factor

Minor Increase

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Compression garments Selfcare risk & protective factor

Minor Increase

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High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) Selfcare risk & protective factor

Minor Increase

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Static Stretching Selfcare risk & protective factor

Notable Decrease

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Dynamic stretching Selfcare risk & protective factor

Notable Increase

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Massage Selfcare risk & protective factor
Massage
Selfcare

Minor Decrease

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Meat & Foods rich in Branched-Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs) Nutrition risk & protective factor

Minor Increase

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Strength Training Selfcare risk & protective factor

Strong Increase

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Peppermint Herb risk & protective factor

Strong Increase

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Coffee (Caffeine) Beverage risk & protective factor

Minor Increase

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Exercise Recovery Musculoskeletal outcome
Exercise Recovery
Musculoskeletal

Strong Increase

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Strength outcomes

OutcomesEffectEvidenceReferences

Urinary Incontinence Urinary outcome

Strong Decrease

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Metabolic Syndrome Lymphatic outcome

Strong Decrease

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Fall Musculoskeletal outcome
Fall
Musculoskeletal

Notable Decrease

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