Nervous outcome

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease and motor neurone disease (MND), is a specific disease that causes the death of neurons which control voluntary muscles. Some also use the term "motor neuron disease" for a group of conditions of which ALS is the most common. ALS is characterized by stiff muscles, muscle twitching, and gradually worsening weakness due to muscles decreasing in size. This results in difficulty in speaking, swallowing, and eventually breathing.

The cause is not known in 90% to 95% of cases. About 5–10% of cases are inherited from a person's parents. About half of these genetic cases are due to one of two specific genes. The diagnosis is based on a person's signs and symptoms with testing done to rule out other potential causes.

No cure for ALS is known. A medication called riluzole may extend life by about two to three months Non-invasive ventilation may result in both improved quality and length of life. The disease usually starts around the age of 60 and in inherited cases around the age of 50. The average survival from onset to death is two to four years. About 10% survive longer than 10 years. Most die from respiratory failure. In much of the world, rates of ALS are unknown. In Europe and the United States the disease affects about two people per 100,000 per year.

Nervous
21 causes

Causes of Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) : Reducing Your Risk

FactorsEffectEvidenceStudies

Fruits Nutrition risk & protective factor
Fruits
Nutrition

Strong Decrease

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Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB)  Contaminant risk & protective factor
Polychlorinat...
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Pesticides Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Pesticides Ex...
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Bisphenol A (BPA) Contaminant risk & protective factor
Bisphenol A (...
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Saturated Fat Nutrition risk & protective factor
Saturated Fat
Nutrition

Strong Increase

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Spinach Nutrition risk & protective factor
Spinach
Nutrition

Strong Decrease

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Walnuts Nutrition risk & protective factor
Walnuts
Nutrition

Strong Increase

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Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor
Smoking
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Vegetables Nutrition risk & protective factor
Vegetables
Nutrition

Strong Decrease

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Lead Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Lead Exposure
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Cheese Nutrition risk & protective factor
Cheese
Nutrition

Strong Increase

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Soy Nutrition risk & protective factor
Soy
Nutrition

Strong Increase

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Whole grains Nutrition risk & protective factor
Whole grains
Nutrition

Strong Decrease

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Processed Meat Nutrition risk & protective factor

Strong Increase

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Intense Exercise Selfcare risk & protective factor

Strong Increase

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Legumes (beans, peas, lentils, lupins) Nutrition risk & protective factor

Strong Decrease

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Tomato Nutrition risk & protective factor
Tomato
Nutrition

Strong Increase

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Avocado Nutrition risk & protective factor
Avocado
Nutrition

Strong Decrease

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Purple Sweet Potato Nutrition risk & protective factor

Strong Decrease

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Concussion (Traumatic Brain Injury) Brain outcome

Strong Increase

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Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Strong Decrease

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Add Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)