Digestive outcome

Stomach cancer (Gastric cancer)

Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is cancer developing from the lining of the stomach. Early symptoms may include heartburn, upper abdominal pain, nausea and loss of appetite. Later signs and symptoms may include weight loss, yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, and blood in the stool among others. The cancer may spread from the stomach to other parts of the body, particularly the liver, lungs, bones, lining of the abdomen and lymph nodes.

Digestive
17 causes

Causes of Stomach cancer (Gastric cancer) : Reducing Your Risk

FactorsEffectEvidenceStudies

Alcohol Beverage risk & protective factor
Alcohol
Beverage

Strong Increase

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Citrus (orange, mandarines, lemons, lime, tangerine, grapefruit)  Nutrition risk & protective factor

Strong Decrease

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Nuts & Peanuts Nutrition risk & protective factor

Minor Decrease

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Red Onions Nutrition risk & protective factor
Red Onions
Nutrition

Minor Decrease

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Smoking Contaminant risk & protective factor
Smoking
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Aspirin Manufactured risk & protective factor
Aspirin
Manufactured

Strong Decrease

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Olive oil Nutrition risk & protective factor
Olive oil
Nutrition

Strong Decrease

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Garlic (Allium sativum) Nutrition risk & protective factor

Strong Decrease

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Fresh Chili Peppers (Capsaicin) Herb risk & protective factor

Strong Decrease

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Bitumen Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Bitumen Exposure
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Lead Exposure Contaminant risk & protective factor
Lead Exposure
Contaminant

Strong Increase

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Refined grains Nutrition risk & protective factor

Strong Increase

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Processed Meat Nutrition risk & protective factor

Notable Increase

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Purple Cabbage Nutrition risk & protective factor

Strong Decrease

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Cruciferous vegetables Nutrition risk & protective factor

Strong Decrease

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Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Obesity
Musculoskeletal

Strong Increase

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Stomach cancer (Gastric cancer) outcomes

OutcomesEffectEvidenceReferences

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Mortality
Musculoskeletal

Strong Increase

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