Beverage cause

Cow milk (A1 β-casein)

Milk is a pale liquid produced by the mammary glands of cows. It can be a primary source of nutrition for infants before they are able to digest other types of food. Early-lactation cow milk contains bovine colostrum, which carries the mother's antibodies to young calves and can reduce the risk of many bovine diseases. It contains many other nutrients, including protein and lactose.

Dairy farms produced about 730 million tonnes of milk in 2011, from 260 million dairy cows.

Risk Factor
0 effects
Measured in serving

Caution

Studies suggest that milk consumption may increase the risk of suffering from certain health problems, especially auto-immune diseases

Related to Cow milk (A1 β-casein)

Cow milk (A1 β-casein) Health Risks

OutcomesEffectEvidenceReferences

Height Musculoskeletal outcome
Height
Musculoskeletal

Notable Increase

Evidence: High

2 studies

Acid Reflux Digestive outcome
Acid Reflux
Digestive

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Type 2 Diabetes Lymphatic outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: High

2 studies

Ovary cancer Reproductive outcome
Ovary cancer
Reproductive

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

2 studies

Acne Vulgaris Intergumentary outcome
Acne Vulgaris
Intergumentary

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

1 study

Oxidative stress Lymphatic outcome

Notable Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Inflammation Lymphatic outcome
Inflammation
Lymphatic

Notable Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Coronary Heart Disease (Ischaemic Heart Disease) Cardiovascular outcome
Coronary Heart ...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

1 study

Uterine Cancer Reproductive outcome
Uterine Cancer
Reproductive

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

1 study

Bladder cancer Urinary outcome

Strong Decrease

Needs research

1 study

Asthma Attack Respiratory outcome
Asthma Attack
Respiratory

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Fracture Musculoskeletal outcome
Fracture
Musculoskeletal

Notable Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Breast Cancer Reproductive outcome
Breast Cancer
Reproductive

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

2 studies

Schizophrenia Brain outcome

Strong Increase

Needs research

1 study

Insulin-like Human Growth Hormone (IGF-1) Endocrine outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

2 studies

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Mortality
Musculoskeletal

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

3 studies

Autism Maternity outcome
Autism
Maternity

Strong Increase

Needs research

1 study

Type 1 Diabetes Lymphatic outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

3 studies

Gout Urinary outcome
Gout
Urinary

Notable Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Users