Beverage cause

Alcohol

An alcoholic drink, or alcoholic beverage, is a depressant drink that contains a substantial amount of ethanol (informally called alcohol).

Risk Factor
0 effects
Measured in mL

Caution

Alcohol in low doses causes euphoria, reduced anxiety, and sociability and in higher doses causes intoxication (drunkenness), stupor and unconsciousness. Long-term use can lead to alcohol abuse, physical dependence, and alcoholism.

Recommended Dosage

Maximum of 1 glass of red wine per day

Related to Alcohol

Alcohol Health Risks

OutcomesEffectEvidenceReferences

Depression Brain outcome

Strong Increase

Needs research

Heart Rate Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Rate
Cardiovascular

Notable Increase

Needs research

Obesity Musculoskeletal outcome
Obesity
Musculoskeletal

Strong Increase

Needs research

2 studies

Ovary cancer Reproductive outcome
Ovary cancer
Reproductive

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Candida (Fungus) Lymphatic outcome

Notable Increase

Evidence: Low

1 study

Violent crime Brain outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

2 studies

Stomach cancer (Gastric cancer) Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

1 study

Gallbladder cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Oral cavity and pharynx cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Congestive Heart Failure Cardiovascular outcome
Congestive Hear...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Dementia Brain outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: High

1 study

Thrombosis Cardiovascular outcome
Thrombosis
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

2 studies

Bladder cancer Urinary outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

2 studies

Pregnancy & Birth Maternity outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: High

2 studies

Atrial Fibrillation Cardiovascular outcome
Atrial Fibrilla...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

3 studies

Oesophagus cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

Needs research

2 studies

Liver Cancer Digestive outcome
Liver Cancer
Digestive

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

2 studies

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Notable Increase

Needs research

3 studies

Colorectal Cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

2 studies

Breast Cancer Reproductive outcome
Breast Cancer
Reproductive

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

5 studies

Immune system Lymphatic outcome
Immune system
Lymphatic

Notable Decrease

Evidence: High

2 studies

Stroke Brain outcome
Stroke
Brain

Notable Increase

Needs research

2 studies

Lung cancer Respiratory outcome
Lung cancer
Respiratory

Notable Increase

Needs research

1 study

Psoriasis Intergumentary outcome
Psoriasis
Intergumentary

Notable Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Alzheimer's disease Brain outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: High

1 study

Appetite Digestive outcome
Appetite
Digestive

Strong Increase

Needs research

1 study

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Mortality
Musculoskeletal

Strong Increase

Needs research

2 studies

Larynx cancer Respiratory outcome
Larynx cancer
Respiratory

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

2 studies

Blood Pressure - Hypertension Cardiovascular outcome
Blood Pressure ...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Skin cancer Intergumentary outcome
Skin cancer
Intergumentary

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Uterine Cancer Reproductive outcome
Uterine Cancer
Reproductive

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Prostate Cancer Reproductive outcome
Prostate Cancer
Reproductive

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Pancreatic cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Cancer Lymphatic outcome
Cancer
Lymphatic

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

2 studies

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Maternity outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Suicide Brain outcome
Suicide
Brain

Strong Increase

Needs research

2 studies

Sarcopenia Musculoskeletal outcome
Sarcopenia
Musculoskeletal

Strong Decrease

Evidence: Low

1 study

Coronary Heart Disease (Ischaemic Heart Disease) Cardiovascular outcome
Coronary Heart ...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Oxidative stress Lymphatic outcome

Strong Decrease

Evidence: Low

1 study

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