Nutrition cause

Processed Meat

Processed meat includes bacon, sausages, hot dogs, salami, corned beef, beef jerky and ham as well as canned meat and meat-based sauces. Red meat is a darker colour than white meat and includes beef, lamb and pork because of higher levels of proteins that bind to oxygen, haemoglobin and myoglobin in blood and muscle.

Risk Factor
0 effects
Measured in g

Caution

Suspected carcinogenic chemicals can form during meat processing. These include N-nitroso compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Cooking the meat at high temperatures, especially on a barbecue, can also produce these dangerous chemicals.

Recommended Dosage

Less than 3 times a week

Related to Processed Meat

Processed Meat Health Risks

OutcomesEffectEvidenceReferences

Stomach cancer (Gastric cancer) Digestive outcome

Notable Increase

Evidence: Low

1 study

Diverticulitis Digestive outcome

Notable Increase

Evidence: Low

1 study

Diabetes Lymphatic outcome
Diabetes
Lymphatic

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Asthma Attack Respiratory outcome
Asthma Attack
Respiratory

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular outcome
Cardiovascular ...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Coronary Heart Disease (Ischaemic Heart Disease) Cardiovascular outcome
Coronary Heart ...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Pancreatic cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

Needs research

3 studies

Colorectal Cancer Digestive outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

3 studies

Type 2 Diabetes Lymphatic outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

3 studies

Prostate Cancer Reproductive outcome
Prostate Cancer
Reproductive

Notable Increase

Evidence: Low

1 study

Breast Cancer Reproductive outcome
Breast Cancer
Reproductive

Notable Increase

Evidence: Low

1 study

Stroke Brain outcome
Stroke
Brain

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

1 study

Mortality Musculoskeletal outcome
Mortality
Musculoskeletal

Strong Increase

Needs research

9 studies

Cancer Lymphatic outcome
Cancer
Lymphatic

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

1 study

Heart Attack (Myocardial infarction - ACS) Cardiovascular outcome
Heart Attack (M...
Cardiovascular

Strong Increase

Evidence: High

3 studies

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) Nervous outcome

Strong Increase

Evidence: Low

1 study

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